constable

constable
An officer of a municipal corporation (usually elected) whose duties are similar to those of the sheriff, though his powers are less and his jurisdiction smaller. He is to preserve the public peace, execute the process of magistrates' courts, and of some other tribunals, serve writs, attend the sessions of the criminal courts, have the custody of juries, and discharge other functions sometimes assigned to him by the local law or by statute. Powers and duties of constables have generally been replaced by sheriffs.
In English law, public civil officer, whose proper and general duty is to keep the peace within his district, though he is frequently charged with additional duties. 1 Bl.Comm. 356. There were formerly "high," "petty," and "special" constables.
In England, the functions of these special constables have been taken over by police forces.
In Medieval law, high functionary under the French and English kings, the dignity and importance of whose office was second only to that of the monarch. He was in general the leader of the royal armies, and had cognizance of all matters pertaining to war and arms, exercising both civil and military jurisdiction. He was also charged with the conservation of the peace of the nation. Thus there was a "Constable of France" and a "Lord High Constable of England." Rich v. Industrial Commission, 80 Utah 511, 15 P.2d 641, 644

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • CONSTABLE (J.) — Peintre des vallées fraîches et fertiles du Suffolk, des ciels chargés de la Manche et de quelques monuments vénérables comme la cathédrale de Salisbury, Constable donne à voir une Angleterre paisible et apparemment somnolente. Profondément… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • constable — [ kɔ̃stabl ] n. m. • 1765; mot angl., de l a. fr. conestable → connétable ♦ Dans les pays anglo saxons, Officier de police; sergent de ville. ● constable nom masculin (anglais constable, de l ancien français conestable, connétable) En Grande… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Constable — Con sta*ble (k[o^]n st[.a]*b l or k[u^]n st[.a]*b l), n. [OE. conestable, constable, a constable (in sense 1), OF. conestable, F. conn[ e]table, LL. conestabulus, constabularius, comes stabuli, orig., count of the stable, master of the horse,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • constable — con·sta·ble / kän stə bəl, kən / n [Old French conestable military commander, chief of the royal household, from Late Latin comes stabuli, literally, officer of the stable]: a public officer usu. of a town or township responsible for keeping the… …   Law dictionary

  • Constable — steht für: Konstabler, einen Titel Constable ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Emma Constable (* 1975), englische Badmintonspielerin John Constable (1776–1837), englischer Maler Mark Constable (* 1976), englischer Badmintonspieler Henry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • constable — (del lat. «constabĭlis»; ant.) adj. Constante. * * * constable. (Del lat. constabĭlis). adj. ant. Que tiene constancia1 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • constable — c.1200, chief household officer, justice of the peace, from O.Fr. conestable (12c., Mod.Fr. connétable), steward, governor, principal officer of the Frankish king s household, from L.L. comes stabuli, lit. count of the stable (established by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Constable — (spr. Konstäbl), Buchhändler in Edinburg, einer der größten in Großbritannien, Verleger W. Scotts u. vieler anderer ausgezeichneter Schriftsteller, zog durch seinen Fall 1826 (2,800,000 Thlr. Masse) den W. Scotts nach sich; st. einige Jahre… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Constable [1] — Constable (engl., spr. kónnstēbl, ursprünglich verwandt mit dem franz. connétable), Name öffentlicher Sicherheitsbeamten in England. Der Lord High C., einer der obersten Kron und Reichsbeamten des alten England, war dem Connetable von Frankreich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Constable [2] — Constable (spr. kónnstĕbl), John, engl. Maler, geb. 11. Juni 1776 zu East Bergholt in Suffolk, gest. 30. Mai 1837 in London, trat 1800 als Schüler in die Londoner Akademie ein, wo er besonders den Unterricht von Reinagle genoß. Seit 1820 lebte er …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Constable — (engl., spr. kónnstäbbl), Polizist, ursprünglich eine vom franz. Konnetabel (s.d.) entlehnte Benennung hoher Beamten in England. Der Lord High C. hatte den Vorsitz bei Angelegenheiten der Ritterschaft; seine Würde erlosch 1521 unter Heinrich VIII …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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